Engineering Career Specialties

Blueprint with drafting tools

Engineering is a very diverse field with many specialties to choose from. Listed below are some career specialties for future engineers.


Aerospace engineers design and develop machines such as missiles, aircraft, and spacecraft. They may specialize in design, navigation, control, or production.


Agricultural engineers develop methods of water and soil conservation and product processing through the design of equipment, structures, and machinery.


Biomedical engineers perform research to help develop devices and other products such as prosthetics and artificial organs, as well as items that improve health management, care delivery, and other medical processes.


Chemical engineers design equipment and processing methods to aid the manufacturing of chemicals and related industries.


Civil engineers are responsible for the design of roads, bridges, tunnels, water supply systems, and sewage systems. They also supervise the construction of such structures.

Computer Hardware

Computer hardware engineers design and develop computer hardware items such as systems, circuit boards, chips, printers, modems, and keyboards.

Computer Software

Computer software engineers design software applications that essentially keep computers operating.


Electrical, or electronic, engineers design electrical and electronic equipment, such as motors, machine controls, wiring, lighting, autos, transmission devices, and communications systems.

Engineering Technology

Engineering technicians are more practically-oriented than engineers, and assist engineers and scientists with research, design, development, and production, perform quality control checks, and work at solving problems that may occur in various stages of development.


Environmental engineers design systems and develop methods of combating environmental problems involving water and air pollution, waste, public health, and recycling.


Industrial engineers concern themselves with finding the most efficient use of production elements, including optimal machine performance, minimal waste of materials, lowest energy output, and maximum employee productivity.


Materials engineers study and work with a variety of materials used in the creation of products, and they also create new materials that conform to chemical, electrical, and mechanical requirements to be used in various products.


Mechanical engineers design mechanical devices such as engines, generators, refrigerators, and elevators, as well as tools that can be used to develop mechanical devices


Mining/geological engineers seek out, remove, and prepare minerals, metals, and coal for manufacturing and utility usage.


Nuclear engineers develop tools and processes to harness nuclear radiation and energy for its use in power plants, fuel cycles, and fusion energy.


Petroleum engineers study the properties of gas and oil reserves and then determine how best to extract it, as well as design equipment and methods for its successful retrieval.

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